Eritrea Resists 10 years of Ethiopian Occupation and Aggression

After 10 years of aggression and occupation by the Ethiopian regime, Eritrea warns the statuesque cannot be continuing indefinitely

By Sophia Tesfamariam,

The Independent Eritrea Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC) delivered its final and binding delimitation and demarcation decisions on 13 April 2002 and 30 November 2007 respectively.

Emboldened by the diplomatic, financial, military and political shield and support it receives from the United States and its allies, the belligerent minority regime in Ethiopia continues to militarily occupy sovereign Eritrean territories, including Badme, the casus belli of the Eritrea Ethiopia border conflict in 1998-2000.

The Algiers Agreement was signed on 12 December 2000 in Algeria by H.E. President Isaias Afwerki for Eritrea and by Prime Minister Meles Zenawi for Ethiopia and witnessed and guaranteed by Secretary General Kofi Annan representing the United Nations, President Abdelaziz Bouteflika of the Democratic Republic of Algeria, President Obasanjo of Nigeria, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright representing the United States, Secretary General, Salim Ahmed Salim representing the OAU, and Senator Renato Serri representing the European Union, and states that the Border Commission alone has the sole authority and mandate to delineate and demarcate the Eritrea Ethiopia border.

The EEBC was established in accordance with the Algiers Agreements signed by Eritrea and Ethiopia on 12 December 2000. The parties agreed that the delimitation and demarcation determinations of the EEBC would be final and binding. Each party agreed to respect the border so determined, as well as the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the other party.

However, when the EEBC delivered its delimitation decision, Ethiopia rejected its findings and sought to have the decision reversed. Employing several deceptive gimmicks and ploys, its attempted to create an “alternative mechanism” to hijack the EEBC’s mandate and prevent it from fulfilling its sole mandate to delimit and demarcate the Eritrea Ethiopia border. After refusing to allow the EEBC to demarcate the border by placing markers on the ground, the EEBC decided to demarcate the border using virtual demarcation-coordinates on maps.

Meles Zenawi’s insouciance, flip-flopping, arrogant, defiant, belligerent and intransigent behavior cannot be attributed to just his character. It is related to the misguided foreign policies and aid he continues to receive from the European Union (EU), United States (US) and other major donors. Their indecisiveness and kids glove handling approach has encouraged him to defy international law and to continue to divert US and other taxpayers monies to buy military hardware in pursuit of policies of aggression and expansion towards neighboring states and beyond. He is also being rewarded for the cruel and inhumane resettlement programs, ethnic cleansing and genocides in the Gambela, Ogaden and Oromia regions of Ethiopia.

Article 14 of the Algiers Agreements says:

 “…The OAU [now the African Union] and the United Nations commit themselves to guarantee the respect for this commitment of the two Parties until the determination of the common border on the basis of pertinent colonial treaties and applicable international law… This guarantee shall be comprised of… measures to be taken by the international community should one or both of the Parties violate this commitment, including appropriate measures to be taken under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter by the UN Security Council…”

After 10 years of aggression and occupation, Eritreans around the world are calling for Ethiopia’s unconditional withdrawal from sovereign Eritrean territories, including Badme.

They are also calling on the UN Security Council (UNSC) to shoulder its moral and legal obligations by restoring Eritrea’s sovereignty and territorial integrity by enforcing the EEBC’s final and binding decisions. The UNSC must also annul and repeal the illegal, unfair and unjust US-engineered sanctions resolutions (1907, 2023), imposed against Eritrea and its people.
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3 responses to “Eritrea Resists 10 years of Ethiopian Occupation and Aggression

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  3. Meles Zenawi has a lot to hide. There is much stealing and naked brutality that needs to be kept under wraps. There is torture, imprisonment, murder and the trafficking of women for profit. Western donors, who sustain the regime with a wink and a nod, can claim ignorance as long as the brutish nature of Ethiopia’s own Joseph Koni is kept out of public view. The ruling dictatorship believes in total control of information. Brute force and information control sustains rule by a heartless ethnic minority.

    Media Control In Ethiopia

    Democracy Denied

    By Graham Peebles | Eurasia Review

    Democracy sits firmly upon principles of freedom, justice, social inclusion and participation in civil society. Where these qualities of fairness are absent so too is democracy, for the word is not the thing, to speak of democratic values is easy enough, to dismantle repressive methods and State practices that deny there expression is quite another.

    Prime Minister Meles Zenawi Asres of Ethiopia knows little of democracy, human rights or the manifestation of democratic principles and much of repression and intimidation. The EPRDF government rules Ethiopia with a heavy hand of control, restricting completely free assemble – a universal right written into the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), inhibiting the freedom of the media and denying the people of Ethiopia freedom of expression in manifold ways.

    Media freedom is a basic pillar of any democratic society. Freedom of political expression, freedom of speech, and freedom of the press are essential elements of a democracy. Whilst media independence throughout the world is contentious at best, autonomy from direct State ownership and influence is a crucial element in establishing an independent media. The Ethiopian State owns and strictly controls the primary media of television and radio.

    Not only is there no independent TV and radio in Ethiopia, but access to information is also tightly controlled, as Human Rights Watch (HRW) makes clear in its report, One Hundred Ways of Putting Pressure. Violations of Freedom of Expression and Association in Ethiopia, “the independent media has struggled to establish itself in the face of constant government hostility and an inability to access information from government officials.” Since the 2005 elections in Ethiopia the government has systematically introduced tighter and tighter methods of control, HRW continues, over the past five years the Ethiopian government has restricted political space for the opposition, stifled independent civil society, and intensified control of the media.

    Demanding justice

    The downtrodden suppressed people of Ethiopia, living under the brutality of the Meles regime, whose human rights are being ignored, without an effective media, have no voice. The controls that deny media freedom and the people the freedom of association and expression, guaranteed under the Ethiopian constitution and international law, must be repealed, HRW in its detailed report makes a series of basic demands of the Ethiopian government, which reinforce this, key among them is the call to “Guarantee unrestricted access to Ethiopia to international media and independent human rights investigators, and cease harassment of Ethiopian media.”

    The days of the dictator are over no amount of repressive legislation can any longer safeguard a regime that rules through violence and inhibition. Meles and his cronies ensconced behind armed walls of duplicity may well seek control, the fearful always do. The will of the people is for freedom, peace and the observation of their human rights, it must and shall be done for justice and the rule of law underlies their call.
    The average Ethiopian has to work two weeks to afford one chicken. Meles Zenawi’s economic nirvana is creating a living hell for Ethiopia’s 99 percent, while creating unprecedented wealth for a tiny ethnic minority.

    One chicken costs US $11.50 while the average civil servant earns $25 a month. The astronomical cost of living has to do with bad policy, the printing of worthless money by the government and the decision to export food while local people starve.

    The big sale practice didn’t knock at the door of groceries just yet. In Europe and elsewhere in the world the big sale include all markets. There is even a holiday travel fare. In our case the vegetable and groceries and supermarkets are unfamiliar to this kind of practice.
    Even though prices are rising, people’s purchasing power generally is not. As a result, people may not be able to afford extra shopping for Easter. As it stands, they do not have much discretionary income though prices of animals and their products, directly related to the Easter holiday have once again gone up.

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